Sunday, 25 September 2016

Rosacea




What is Rosacea?






Rosacea is a chronic inflammation of the skin on the face, which affects men and women between the ages of 30 and 50. Its exact cause is unknown, but many people who present with it often have a history of reddened skin and acne or pimples.

What are the symptoms?

1. Rosacea usually occurs over the middle of the face. It gives rise to a flushed appearance across           the middle of the face, which may even extend to the lower forehead and chin.
2. Rosacea causes a flushed appearance across the middle of the face.
3. Inflamed acne-like bumps on the face. Despite the fact that they may look unsightly these bumps         are usually superficial, although they can be deep and painful in a minority of people.
4. Swelling of the skin on the cheeks and nose. This is caused either by a thickening of the oil                 glands under the surface of the skin or by swelling of the tiny blood vessels on the face.
5. There is a belief that people who have cradle cap as a baby are more prone to acne as a Teen and          Rosacea as an Adult.

How is it diagnosed?

The condition is diagnosed by simple inspection of the skin. Blood tests may sometimes be taken to determine if any underlying condition may be present.

How is it treated?

Rosacea can be treated in a number of different ways. Some Clients may benefit from steroid or sulphur-based creams, which can be applied directly to the skin. Others may need oral antibiotics.

Can it be avoided?
Rosacea cannot be prevented. However, there are known to be certain trigger factors, which may make the condition worse. These should be avoided as much as possible.
Exposure to strong heat and sunlight, Saunas and Steam room.
Hot spicy foods.
Alcohol.
Anxiety and stress.


Are there long-term effects?

The main long-term effect of rosacea is facial scarring. This is more common among men than women as they seem to be more prone to develop thickened tissue in the area of the nose. The scarring can lead to loss of self-esteem and self-consciousness about one's physical appearance. Laser therapy with a skilled technician can be very helpful in such cases to treat the redness associated with Rosacea.

All visible signs of rosacea may clear up with medication, but the general redness of the skin and the tendency to sudden flushing may be a permanent feature. Rosacea is not contagious.
LED Light therapy can be beneficial – it reduces the inflammation and kills the bacteria.


Skincare such as redness Redness Neutraliser, Phyto corrective gel and mask from Skinceutical all help to reduce the redness and inflammation.





Tuesday, 30 August 2016

SkinCeutical Phyto corrective mask - launch September 2016






Phyto Corrective Mask contains highly-concentrated botanical extracts, a calming dipeptide, and hyaluronic acid to intensively soothe and replenish temporary skin reactivity. This intensive calming facial mask cools on contact, comforts skin sensitivity, and restores natural radiance and smoothness. Phyto Corrective Mask has been clinically tested post-procedure to effectively reduce visual redness and discomfort.

How To Use

Phyto Corrective Mask can be applied as a leave-on, rinse-off, or overnight treatment. Apply a generous coat to clean face, chest, or neck avoiding eye and lip area. Allow mask to remain on for 10-15 minutes. Rinse with cool water if desired. Use 2-3 times a week or as needed.

Treats for Mum & Dad.

Back to School Treat for Mum and Dad.


Give your stress wings and let it fly away. ~Terri Guillemets



Summer holidays signifies fun and excitement for Kids but it does not always mean rest and relaxation for Mum and Dad! We have a couple of options to give you some well-deserved me time to help you relax and recharge your batteries. A morning or afternoon at our Spa and we promise you will feel completely rejuvenated and ready to take on that school run!

Time for You Duo.
Select two of your favourites from the following and indulge in 30 min of each (60 min total treatment time) for €85.
1.      Customised back massage: a thoroughly relaxing or a deep invigorating massage.
2.      Facial: a soothing facial, personalised for your skin needs, enjoy as you relax and unwind.
3.      An Indian head massage: perfect for releasing stress and tension in the head, neck and shoulder area

Available from Monday – Friday August 31st to September 25th 2016.

Time For Me Facial
Enjoy a custom blended facial just for you, along with a heavenly back massage and a hand and arm massage. €125.

If you would like to book our “Time for You Duo” treatments or require further information please phone our Spa team on 01-2300255/012300244 or email reception@nualawoulfe.ie.

Book on line www.nualawoulfe.ie/index.php/bookings


 Website link www.nualawoulfe.ie



Get your Debs Sparkle with us.










The Debs glam package 1
This package contains:
Full body Spray Tan
File & Polish Hands and Feet
False Eyelashes

The Debs Glam package 2
This package contains:
Full body Spray tan
Shellac on both hands and feet.
Eyebrow shape. 
Design your own and receive 20% off list price.
Extras
                                         Add a set of eyelashes to any above package for €15
                                         Add a brow shape to any above package for €10
                                         Add Billion Dollar brows to any above package for €25

 Special Teen treat.

Teenage Facial
To book on line - www.nualawoulfe.ie/index.php/bookings
Website ;www.nualawoulfe.ie


Protecting The Skin’s Barrier Function



You might not be able to see it from the moon nor with the naked eye, but one of the greatest walls ever built is that of the Barrier Function of the skin.

This amazing feat of skin engineering means we have a strong, resilient ‘wall’ protecting our body from harsh environmental elements, helping to retain moisture and keeping allergens out.

The Barrier Function is designed in the same manner as that of a wall, consisting of:
• The bricks: the dead, dry skin cells which are soon to be shed
• The mortar: composed of lipids (ceramides, essential fatty acids and cholesterol)

Sometimes the structure of this ‘brick wall’ is compromised and gaps can appear due to the lack of epidermal barrier lipids. As a result, our skin is susceptible to dehydration due to moisture escaping otherwise known as Trans Epidermal Moisture Loss (TEWL), and increased skin sensitivity as microbes and allergens now have a path of entry into the skin. There are many causes for the breakdown of this protective barrier, the most common being:
• The environment: cold, windy weather, air conditioning, heating, the sun, plane travel
• Poor skin care: using harsh, stripping products like SD alcohol or soap, excessive exfoliation, water that is too hot, or not wearing a moisturizer
• Diet: excess alcohol, caffeine and salt consumption, not eating sufficient Essential Fatty Acids, insufficient water intake
• Stress: this itself can disturb the barrier function by slowing down synthesis of epidermal lipids
• Certain medications: such as nasal decongestants, general anaesthetic, cancer therapies

An impaired Barrier Function means the skin appears dull and lacklustre. It can feel taught and flaky with fine lines around the eyes, over the forehead and cheeks. When pinched between the fingers, it will resemble a piece of parchment paper.

Sadly, the Barrier Function declines with age as oil gland activity decreases, the skin’s natural hydrators decline as does its ability to regenerate these important lipids. The prolonged dehydration in the lower level of the skin can cause the depletion of the dermal tissue resulting in deeper wrinkles, elastosis and sagging skin.

To re-establish a good Barrier Function, the key step to follow in a home care regimen is exfoliation. This step is important to prevent the skin from feeling dry, rough and flaky and it will help eradicate any dry patches. The key is not to use an aggressive exfoliant that causes any skin sensitivity or irritation. Try exfoliating boosters that are easily applied under the moisturiser and work gently throughout the day. There are also slightly stronger forms of exfoliations such as Hydroxy Acid, which can generally be used once or twice a week.

To boost the moisture and regain the plumpness in the skin, apply layers of a hydrating serum, toner, moisturizer and primer (the skin responds well to layering). The moisturizer doesn’t need to be heavy or contain a lot of oil—a key point to remember is that the skin is lacking moisture, not oil. Try a medium weight moisturizer with SPF30 or higher. If the skin is tight and flaky, use an anhydrous (water free) moisturizer made with skin protecting silicones. This will seal in moisture and prevents the skin from drying out, while also helping to repair the Barrier Function. At night, look at applying an oil based serum or night oil to the areas of dry skin.

For an added boost, apply a hydrating gel masque once a week, ensuring it’s applied close the corners of the nose, mouth and eyes to target these vulnerable areas.

Though drinking water is important, it doesn’t correlate directly to having hydrated skin. It’s better to encompass products that hydrate the skin and protect your barrier function by preventing moisture loss.

Some fantastic ingredients to use within your entire skin care regimen are for healthy Barrier Function including:
• Hyaluronic Acid: it has the ability to hold 1000 times its own weight in moisture.
• Niacinamide: a potent form of vitamin B-3 (which is in Skinceutical Metacell B3)with a multifunctional approach to treating dehydration. It addresses several aspects of dryness and dehydration simultaneously, thus protecting the skin from TEWL.
• Essential fatty acids (EFAs): look for Evening Primrose Oil, Borage Seed Oil, Shea Butter, Jojoba Oil and Coconut Oil; another great ingredient to combat dry skin is Beta glucan.
• Omega-6 EFAs: these specifically are required in forming the skin’s barrier function and its structural integrity
• Salicornia Extract: a plant extract that helps reinforce the natural moisturization factor (NMF)
• Algae Extract: nutrient rich to restore skin’s moisture
• Tomato Seed Oil: a great source of lycopene-rich lipids that help restore the barrier lipids of the skin

It’s important to avoid soap and soap-based cleansers and body washes as the alkalinity dries the skin and causes sensitization. Also avoid products with S.D. Alcohol and hot water as both are very drying to the skin.

Skin and lipids




Lipids, or natural protective oils, are essential for maintaining the integrity of all living matter due to their ability to form a barrier between the living cell and the outside world. In human skin, lipids are used as building blocks for membranes and fulfill specific functions such as preventing extreme dryness by forming a barrier and preventing evaporation of water.

More specifically, the outermost layer of the epidermis, the stratum corneum (SC), constitutes the main barrier to the movement of substances into and out of the skin; it consists of corneocytes (SC cells) and several different types of lipids, such as ceramides, sterols and free fatty acids. These lipids that make up the barrier lipid layer of the stratum corneum are expelled from cells during the process of keratinisation in the epidermis. When the barrier lipid layer is disturbed, this can lead to pathological diseases such as ichthyosis, psoriasis or atopic dermatitis.

Ageing also has an effect on the composition of SC lipids. Studies have shown a decline in ceramide and sterol components with an increase in fatty acid composition in aged skin.

Seasonal changes have also been shown to impact SC barrier lipids which leads to dryness, roughness and increased trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL) while a reduction in ceramides generally leads to an increase in skin sensitivity and irritability. Likewise, diet and the products we apply to our skin can impact the barrier lipids. Alcohol, acetone, harsh surfactants, AHAs, BHAs and retinoids can strip lipids giving that taut skin feeling which is often associated with increased dehydration, wrinkles, sensitivity and premature ageing.

Unfortunately, nothing good results from having a compromised lipid barrier layer.Triple lipid restore by Skinceuticals is an appealing formula that helps replenish those critical lipids to the epidermis. The most important property of lipids in skin care is their ability to restore the barrier lipid, promote moisturisation, smooth skin texture as well as, a visual reduction of the signs of dryness. Restoring the barrier lipids not only inhibits TEWL, it helps keep the natural moisturising factor (NMF) inside the cells where it is needed to keep cells hydrated and enzymes functioning normally.


Fortunately, when we are young our skin can restore its natural barrier lipids after an insult such as exposure to alcohol, soap or chemical peels. The time required for barrier lipid recovery varies according to age; in young individuals 50-60% of the barrier lipids are restored within 12 hours with full recovery taking about three days. However, in older adults complete recovery can take over a week. Depending on the condition of the skin this can lead to dehydration and additional sensitisation.
The most obvious possibility for recovering the skin barrier function is by replacing the intercellular lipids in between our keratinocyte cells. Harnessing the power of phytoactive ingredients is one of the best ways to restore a compromised skin barrier to replace intercellular lipids that have been depleted from ageing, environment, and the many other factors.

How Does Dry Brushing Work?





Dry brushing is the manual use of a firm, natural bristle brush. The technique may be used on dry skin at home, or in the spa environment, before massage and body treatments. Recognised for numerous health benefits, the treatment is invigorating, stimulating and detoxifying.


What are the Benefits of Dry Brushing?

Detoxification, skin exfoliation, increased lymphatic flow and increased energy are just some of the benefits of dry body brushing. Some even claim the technique helps break up fatty deposits and digestive problems, while many acne sufferers report that the overall detox effect improves skin issues.

How Exactly Does it Help with Detoxification?

Stagnant lymph needs to be moved, and dry body brushing prompts the cells to release toxic deposits into the lymph while simultaneously cleansing the lymph itself. To spell it out, blood plasma containing waste is transported into the lymph vessels, where it is carried to lymph nodes. Here, macrophages and lymphocytes deal with unwanted bacteria and toxins, and the cleansed fluid is then returned to the blood supply. Our bodies contain far more lymph than blood, yet the lymph is dependent upon outside forces for its circulation around the body – lymph has no heart to pump it. Therefore, it is prone to being sluggish. One example of this is cellulite, which is formed by stagnant, toxic waste that gets stored between the tissues, breaking down connective tissue.

What's the Right Technique?

·        Dry brushing may cause a slight purging of toxins from the sweat glands, so light pressure is recommended to avoid the stimulation of blood flow (which can sensitise skin). It’s best to brush in long upward strokes, and be sure to follow with the palm of your hand to soothe the skin.

Follow these steps:


  1. ·        Start at the toes, working up the foot in light, sweeping one directional movements, following the brush with one hand to the popliteal lymphatic node behind the knee
  2. ·        Move up to the back of the thigh, working in long strokes out towards the buttocks
  3. ·        Repeat on the other leg
  4. ·        Brush lightly on stomach from waist to navel on alternate sides. Then brush across the chest and around the breasts
  5. ·        Brush the front of the arms in long strokes towards the auxillary lymphatic node, situated under the arm
  6. ·        Jump in the shower
  7. ·        Apply your favourite essential oil blend, treatment products or body moisturiser.

Dry brushing takes just a few minutes and is best done in the morning, as it wakes and warms you.

How Often Should One Dry Brush?

Daily before showering.

Is There Anything Specific to Look for in a Proper Brush?


Look for hard bristles, not soft nylon. Cactus or vegetable-derived bristles are preferred and are commonly used. A firm bristle is ideal or the technique doesn’t work, as you need to be able to stimulate lymph flow. Care for your brush by spraying it with pure Tea Tree Oil before using, and soak it in an antibacterial wash and hot water to keep it hygienically clean. Find a brush with a detachable handle for reaching your back and a strap to keep it comfortably in the palm of your hand.